June 24, 2013
Distracted Driving: More of a Problem in the United States than in Europe
Talking, texting, and reading email behind the wheel may be more of a problem in the United States than in Europe. A recent CDC study compared the percentage of distracted drivers in the United States and seven European countries: Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Overall, the study found that a higher percentage of U.S. drivers talked on the phone and read or sent emails or texts while driving than drivers in several other European countries. For example, the study found that 69 percent of U.S. drivers ages 18-64 years old reported that they had talked on their cell phone while driving within the 30 days before they were surveyed, compared to drivers from the United Kingdom.
The study also found that about one-third of drivers in the United States reported that they had read or sent text messages or emails while driving, compared to just 15 percent of drivers from Spain.
Distracted Driving in the United States: a Problem on the Rise
Each day, more than nine people are killed and 1,060 more are injured in crashes that involve a distracted driver. Consider that:
In 2011, 3,331 people were killed in crashes involving a distracted driver compared to 3,267 in 2010.
In 2011, 387,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving a distracted driver.
In 2010, “distraction” was reported as being a factor in nearly one in five crashes (18 percent) in which someone was injured.
In June 2011, more than 196 billion text messages were sent or received in the United States, up nearly 50 percent from June 2009.
Distracted driving increases your chance of being in a crash. It involves doing another activity that takes your attention away from driving
There are three main types of distraction:
Visual─taking your eyes off the road,
Manual─taking your hands off the wheel, and
Cognitive─taking your mind off of driving.
Distracted driving activities include using a cell phone, texting, and eating. Using in-vehicle technologies (such as navigation systems) can also be sources of distraction. While any of these can endanger the driver and others, texting while driving is especially dangerous because it combines all three types of distractions.